IELTS Graph Writing Task

IELTS Writing Task 01:

For the IELTS Writing Task 1 you have to summarize information that is usually represented in the form of a table, a pie chart, a line graph, a bar chart, a diagram, a map or a flow chart.

Table:
In Academic Writing Task 1, you need to describe some visual information. This visual information might be a table. Tables contain words, numbers or signs, or a combination of these, displayed in columns or boxes to illustrate a set of facts and the relationship between them. || Table Example ||

Pie Chart:
In Academic Task 1 of the Writing module, you are expected to write a short descriptive report based on visual information or data. This visual information may be presented as pie charts. Pie charts are circular charts divided into sectors or ‘pie slices’, usually illustrating percentages. The size of each pie slice shows the relative quantity of the data it represents. Together, the slices create a full circle. They are commonly used in the business world and the mass media, and are less common in scientific or technical publications. || Pie Chart Example ||

Line Graph:
Line graphs can be used to show how information or data change over time. They have an x-axis (horizontal) and y-axis (vertical). Usually the x-axis shows the time period and the y-axis shows what is being measured. Line graphs can be used when you are plotting data that have peaks (ups) and troughs (downs). In other words, they highlight trends. || Line Graph Examples ||

Bar Chart:
It is common in the IELTS Writing paper to be asked to describe a bar graph. Bar graphs, also known as bar charts, are similar to line graphs in that they have two axes and are useful for showing how something has changed over a given period of time, especially when there are significant changes. Bar graphs consist of rectangular bars, which can be orientated horizontally or vertically, with the lengths proportional to the data values that they represent. They are typically used for comparing two or more values. || Bar Chart Examples ||

Diagram:
Sometimes IELTS Writing Task 1 requires you to describe a process. If you have a ‘describing a process’ task in the exam, you will be given a diagram with a series of pictures. The diagram shows the stages of how something is made or how something works. || Diagram Examples ||

How to introducing the graph:

The graph/table/pie chart/bar chart/diagram …
gives information about/on …
provides information about/on …
shows …
illustrates …
compares …
explains why …
describes …
draws the conclusion of (a survey) …
Example: The pie charts provide information on the proportion of males and females working in agricultural sector.

Use nouns to introduce a graph:
a rise (of)
an increase (of)
a growth (of)
a peak (of)
a surge (of)
Example: a rise of prices
a fall (in)
a decrease (in)
a decline (in)
a dip (in)
Example: a fall in prices
a fluctuation (of)
a variation (in)
Example: a fluctuation of prices

Use verbs to introduce a graph: 
to rise
to increase
to surge
to grow
to peak
Large rises:
to rocket
to soar
to leap (->leapt)
to fall
to decrease
to decline
to dip
to dive
to plunge
Large falls:
to plummet
to fluctuate
to vary

Use adverbs to introduce a graph:
sharply
suddenly
rapidly
abruptly
dramatically
significantly
considerably
markedly
wildly
Example: the prices rose sharply
slightly
gently
gradually
steadily
modestly
marginally
Example: the prices increased modestly

Use adjectives to introduce a graph:
sharp
sudden
rapid
abrupt
dramatic
steep
significant
considerable
marked
substantial
spectacular
Example: there was a considerable growth
slight
gentle
gradual
steady
consistent
modest
marginal
Example: there was a gradual decline

Useful phrases to introduce a graph:
a small fraction, a small number, a small minority
a large portion, a significant majority
nearly a fifth, almost 10%, in region of 40%, more than a half, over a quarter, around two thirds, more or less three quarters, exactly one in ten, approximately a third.

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