Grammar Task 12

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Grammar Section:

  • Learn Future-in-Past Tenses (Passive Voice)

13: Future-in-Past Indefinite
“Ja ta ho ga”
Would be
3rd Form of the Verb
14: Future-in-Past Continuous
“Ja raha ho ga”
Would be being
3rd Form of the Verb
15: Future-in-Past Perfect
“Ja chuka ho ga”
Would have been
3rd Form of the Verb
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16: Future-in-Past Perfect Continuous
“Ja ta raha ho ga”
Would have been being
3rd Form of the Verb
  • Some other small changes that take place in Narration.

Here Changes to There
Now Changes to Then
This Changes to That
These Changes to Those
Today Changes to That day
To-night Changes to That night
Yesterday Changes to The previous day
Last night Changes to The previous night
Last week Changes to The previous week
Tomorrow Changes to The next day
Next Week Changes to The following week
Ago Changes to Before
Thus Changes to so
Hence Changes to Thence
Hither Changes to Thither
Come Changes to Go

The use of Predicate:

What Is the Predicate of a Sentence? (with Examples)

The predicate is the part of a sentence (or clause) that tells us what the subject does or is. To put it another way, the predicate is everything that is not the subject.

Examples of Predicates

Here are some examples of predicates. In each example, the predicate of the sentence is shaded and the verb in the predicate is in bold.

  • Elvis lives.
  • Adam lives in Bangor.
  • The telegram contained exciting news.
  • The girls in our office are experienced instructors.
  • They are experienced instructors, who acquired their experience in France.

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Vocabulary Section:

IELTS essay vocabulary

Expressing personal opinions:

    • In my opinion, …
    • Personally, I think that …
    • It seems to me that …
    • I must admit that …
    • I believe/suppose that …
    • I cannot deny that …
    • As I see it, …
    • As far as I’m concerned, …
    • I would argue that …
    • I’d like to point out that …
    • In my experience, …

Very strong opinions:

    • I am sure that …
    • I am convinced that …
    • I am certain that …

Example: I would argue that computers are rather beneficial for kids.

Proving your arguments

    • to attest, …
    • to prove, …
    • this (fact) is attested/proven by …
    • this (fact) is evidenced by …
    • this (fact) is testified by …
    • this (fact) is endorsed/supported by…
    • this (evidence) establishes that …

Example: Consuming moderate amounts of sweets can be good for health. This is evidenced by a number of cases when people improved their health conditions by eating chocolate.

Expressing general point of view:

    • It is (generally) claimed that …
    • It is (generally) said that …
    • It is (generally) thought that …
    • It is (generally) considered that …
    • A common opinion is that …
    • A popular belief is that …

Example: It is considered that rigorous diets are very unhealthy.

Outlining facts

    • The fact is that …
    • It is obvious that …
    • It is clear that …
    • There is no doubt that …
    • This proves that …

Example: It is obvious that deforestation has no positive effects.

Generalizing

    • Generally speaking, …
    • On the whole, …
    • Typically, …
    • By and large …

Example: Generally speaking, smoking is a bad habit.

Giving examples

    • For example, …
    • For instance, …
    • A good illustration of this is …
    • Evidence for this is provided by …
    • We can see this when …

Example: A lot of wild animals are endangered. Evidence for this is proved by decreasing number of species.

Concluding

  • To summarise, …
  • In conclusion, …
  • Overall, …
  • On balance, …
  • Taking everything into consideration, …

Example: Overall, no parents should neglect their children.

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