Charles University, Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic | Charles University Representative in Pakistan:
Charles University, Hradec Kralove – Czech Republic:
The oldest university in central Europe, the Charles University was founded on April 7, 1348 by Charles IV, the Holy Roman Emperor and King of Bohemia. From its foundation it was devoted to studia generalia and the emperor endowed it with all the privileges enjoyed by older European universities. In accordance with medieval conceptions of the academic range of a complete university, the newly established university had four faculties – Theology, Law, Medicine and Arts.
Soon after its foundation, Prague University developed links with the medieval intellectual movements, which were calling for reform in church and society. The defeat of the Bohemian Estates in 1620 and the consequences of the Thirty Years War meant the forced re-catholicisation of Prague University. The university remained a centre of education and scholarship, and its existence acted as a stimulus for Czech national consciousness. The mid-eighteenth century saw the gradual introduction of enlightened reforms, and this process culminated at the end of the century when even non-catholics were granted the right to study. At the same time, German replaced Latin as the language of instruction. In 1848, the year of revolutions, Prague University once again found itself at the centre of national, democratic and evolutionary upheaval. The subsequent period of absolutism saw the repression of the democratic student movement and the dismantling of a whole series of liberal reforms. Read more…